That chronic health condition where people cannot control the way they search for and make use of drugs irrespective of the fact that this can damage their health and alter their mental state forever is called Drug addiction. Some people whose brain functions have been altered by drugs display some anti-social mannerisms. Drug compulsion is likewise a backsliding illness. Relapse is returning to a habit of drug use after a serious attempt to stop using.
The way to drug dependence starts with the wilful act of using drugs. However, as time passes, an individual's ability to decide not to use drugs weakens. Looking for and using the substance becomes uncontrollable. This unrelenting craving results from the effects of the drug on the brain over time. The portion of the human brain that controls human behaviour, learning and memory, and reward and motivation are negatively influenced by addiction.
Drug dependency is an illness that alters both brain functions and actions.
Can Drug Addiction Be Treated?
It could, but through a complicated process. It is not possible for people to overcome drug addiction simply by abstaining from drug use for some days, because drug addiction is chronic. Most users require repeated or long-term care to quit using it altogether and get their lives back.
The addicts must be assisted to achieve certain things through the treatment for addiction, and they include:
Stopping to require using the drug
be profitable in the family, at work and in the public arena
Principles Behind Effective Treatment
Ongoing scientific research since the 1970s has shown that the following basic principles should be the basis of any effective course of treatment:
Dependence is a complex yet treatable sickness that influences brain capacity and behaviour.
No cure-all treatment plan fits everybody.
Individuals must be able to access treatment quickly.
Treatment deals with more than just drug use, addressing all of the patient's needs.
Going through with the programme is essential.
Advising and other behavioural treatments are the most usually used types of treatment.
A crucial part of treatment is medication, particularly when combined with behavioural therapy.
To make sure the user's most current requirements are met, there is a need for continuous evaluations and adjustments to the treatment regime.
Treatment should deal with other potential mental disorders.
Medically assisted detoxification is just the very first step of the treatment.
For treatment to be successful, it does not need to be voluntary.
When in treatment, possible drug use must be constantly monitored.
Treatment projects ought to test patients for HIV/AIDS, hepatitis B and C, tuberculosis and different chronic infections in addition show them about strides they can go for broke of these illnesses.
What Steps Are Involved In Treating Addiction?
Rewarding treatment has a few stages:
medical detoxification, when the body physically rids itself of the drug
treatment (for opioid, tobacco, or alcohol addiction)
Making sure that coexisting mental health issues like depression or anxiety are evaluated and treated
long haul follow-up to forestall backslide
Great results can be realised with the customised medical care plan and support services.
Treatment ought to incorporate both therapeutic and emotional well-being services as required. Post-rehab support could involve the peer or family group therapy.
How Is Drug Addiction Treated With Medication?
Meds can be utilized to oversee withdrawal manifestations, anticipate backslide and treat comorbid conditions.
Withdrawal During the detoxification process, medication helps suppress the physical reactions. Detoxification is just the very first step in the process and not "treatment" in itself. Those who stop at detox will most likely relapse into drug abuse again. As revealed by a study of treatment facilities, 80% of the cases of detoxification involved medications (SAMHSA, 2014).
Relapse Prevention A patient can make use of medication to assist in re-establishing normal brain function and reducing cravings. Alcohol addiction, tobacco (nicotine) and opioid (heroin, prescription pain relievers) have medications for their treatments. Scientists are also currently developing additional medications to treat addiction to marijuana and stimulants, like cocaine and methamphetamines. Treatment for every substance they have ever abused will be necessary for those that use multiple drugs.
Behavioural Therapies - How Are They Employed To Treat Drug Dependency?
Behavioural therapies assist a patient to:
change their character and disposition towards the use of drugs
Learn to exercise healthy life skills
Endure with different types of treatment, for example, medication
Patients can get treatment in a wide range of settings with different approaches.
Outpatient treatment is an option where a wide range of programs are available for patients who continue to visit behavioural health professionals regularly. Personal or group drug counselling or both of them are included in majority of the programs.
Treatments available in some of these treatment sessions address psychological issues like:
cognitive-behavioural therapy, which helps patients recognize, avoid, and cope with the situations in which they are most likely to use drugs
Multidimensional family therapy, which is for teenage addicts and their families to understand all of the factors influencing the patterns of drug abuse and works on improving the family's ability to function
Motivational meeting, which capitalizes on individual's' status to change their conduct and enter treatment
contingency management (motivational incentives), which makes use of positive reinforcement to motivate refraining from substances
Treatment is at times strenuous initially, where a patient attends many outpatient sessions weekly. After the intensive treatment is complete, patients move on to regular outpatient treatment to help maintain their recovery by continuing to meet weekly but for fewer hours.
Inpatient or private treatment can likewise be extremely compelling, particularly for those with more serious issues (including co-happening conditions). The around the clock care available at residential rehabilitation centres includes safe boarding facilities and close monitoring of patients. An inpatient treatment facility can make use of different therapeutic approaches and they are usually aimed at assisting patients to lead a substance-free, crime-free life after completing the treatment.
Some examples of inpatient treatment environments are:
Rigidly structured programs where patients remain inpatient for 6 to 12 months are called therapeutic communities. Everybody at the facility, whether caregivers or administrators and fellow patients play a role in the recovery of the patient helping them cope with the changes and challenges of withdrawal.
Also available are short blood cleansing programmes offered at the residential facilities to rid the body of drugs and set the foundation for a longer treatment programme.
There are also recovery housing services aimed at giving a patient a place to stay in the short term as they recuperate from treatment in other establishments. Recovery housing is a great way to help people treatment go back to having an independent life while still having support with things like managing finances, finding employment, and locating support services.
Difficulties Of Re-Passage
The excessive urge to take drugs could be "triggered" by several factors within the brain, as the workings of the brain is altered by drug abuse. Patients at a residential rehab centre or a prison facility when undergoing treatment are taught how to tell what drives them to take drugs, how to avoid and also cope with those things once they re-join society.