A sign is something other people, like a doctor, notice while a symptom is something that the patient describes. For instance, drowsiness might be a symptom while dilated pupils might be a sign.
Dependence on a substance - the person who is addicted to a substance like alcohol or drugs loses the ability to decide when to use and when not to use such. He/she continues to use it, despite the fact that it may be harmful (the person may or may not be aware of the possible risk).
Substance reliance can bring about effective yearnings. It's possible that the addict wants to stop taking the substance but finds it really hard to do so on his or her own.
Personal circumstances, genetics, and the specific substance being used are all things that can determine how the signs and symptoms of abuse will manifest in an individual.
Some signs and symptoms of abuse could be:
The individual takes the substance and can't stop - as a rule, for example, nicotine, liquor or drug dependence, at least one genuine endeavour was made to surrender, however unsuccessfully.
Withdrawal symptoms - the mood and physical state of the person is affected when the level of such substance in the body of that person is altered. Some of these symptoms include cravings, moodiness, lack of focus, depression, frustration, anger, or resentment.
There could be a sudden increase in appetite. Lack of sleep could also be an indication of withdrawal. Some patients will have troubled bowel movements or running stomachs. Depending on the substance, withdrawal might also cause violence, tremors, seizures, hallucinations, and sweating.
Even with the knowledge that health problems exist, addiction continues - The person keeps taking the substance on a regular basis, even though negative health problems are becoming apparent. To give an example, someone who smokes might continue to smoke even after a heart/lung issue has developed.
Public and leisure forfeiture - Some people abandon their lifestyles to pursue drugs. Examples of this might be an alcoholic who won't attend a party if there isn't going to alcohol available or a smoker who won't meet up with friends at a non-smoking restaurant.
Keeping stock - Addicts always stock up on drugs to make sure they have a decent supply even if it costs more than they can afford. They may ensure that this substance is made available by dipping into the budget of the entire home.
Dangers of Addiction (1) - An addict may go to any lengths including risking their lives by stealing or prostituting to get money or drugs.
Risky behaviours (2) - could also occur as a result of being under the influence, such as reckless driving.
Coping with problems - an addict often feels like they cannot deal with their problems unless they are using.
Obsession - a dependent individual may invest increasingly time and energy concentrating on methods for getting hold of their substance and sometimes how to utilise it.
Secrecy and solitude - the addict may resort to enjoying these substances in solitude in most cases.
Denial - most people suffering from addiction refuse to admit it. These addicts do not know (or deny to admit) that they in fact have an issue.
Abundance utilisation - in a few addictions, for example, liquor, a few medications and even nicotine, the individual expends it to overabundance. The result can be shutdowns (can't recall hunks of time) or physical manifestations, for example, a sore throat and awful cough (irresistible chain-smokers).
Losing interest in hobbies and activities - as the addiction gets worse and worse, the addict might stop doing things that e or she used to love. This can even happen to smokers who discover that they can't physically do the sports or outdoor activities that the once enjoyed.
Having reserves - the addict might have small reserves of his/her substance concealed in various areas of the car/house; frequently in improbable spots.
Taking an underlying substantial measurements - this is basic with liquor abuse. Huge volumes of drink may be taken at once in the bid to get high and enjoy the feeling.
Breaking the law - Some drugs and alcohol (not tobacco) are known to cause people to do things against the law when under their influence. This might be either on the grounds that the substance disables judgment and the individual goes for broke they would not take in the event that they were calm or with a specific end goal to get hold of the substance they overstep the law.
Money problems - if buying the substance causes a financial burden, and addict might sacrifice other things to make sure the supply is maintained. In the case of cigarettes, it will cost a 40-a-day smoker up to '660 per month and about '8,000 per year in the UK and other parts of Europe and the UK where a packet of twenty sticks is sold at about '11.
Relationship issues - these problems are more typical with alcohol or drug dependency.
A person, because they indulge in alcohol or drugs may exhibit some or all of the above symptoms and not be certified addicts, but they will not display any of the withdrawal symptoms or the associated craving.